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Human milk: a source of more life than we imagine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23271066     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The presence of bacteria in human milk has been acknowledged since the seventies. For a long time, microbiological analysis of human milk was only performed in case of infections and therefore the presence of non-pathogenic bacteria was yet unknown. During the last decades, the use of more sophisticated culture-dependent and -independent techniques, and the steady development of the -omic approaches are opening up the new concept of the 'milk microbiome', a complex ecosystem with a greater diversity than previously anticipated. In this review, possible mechanisms by which bacteria can reach the mammary gland (contamination versus active migration) are discussed. In addition, the potential roles of human milk for both infant and maternal health are summarised. A better understanding of the link between the milk microbiome and health benefit, the potential factors influencing this relationship and whether or not it can be influenced by nutrition is required to open new avenues in the field of pregnancy and lactation.
Authors:
P V Jeurink; J van Bergenhenegouwen; E Jiménez; L M J Knippels; L Fernández; J Garssen; J Knol; J M Rodríguez; R Martín
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Beneficial microbes     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-2891     ISO Abbreviation:  Benef Microbes     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101507616     Medline TA:  Benef Microbes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  17-30     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Danone Research, Centre for Specialised Nutrition, P.O. Box 7005, 6700 CA Wageningen, the Netherlands Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS), Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80082, 3508 TB Utrecht, the Netherlands.
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