Document Detail

Human milk for the premature infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23178065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis, and should be the primary enteral diet for premature infants. Donor milk is a resource for premature infants whose mothers are unable to provide an adequate supply of milk. Challenges include the need for pasteurization, nutritional and biochemical deficiencies, and limited supply.
Mark A Underwood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2012-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric clinics of North America     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1557-8240     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Clin. North Am.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  2013-01-22     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401126     Medline TA:  Pediatr Clin North Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-207     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / methods,  statistics & numerical data
Enteral Nutrition / methods*
Food, Fortified
Infant Care / methods*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Infant, Premature, Diseases / prevention & control*
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods
Lactation / physiology
Milk Banks
Milk, Human* / chemistry,  physiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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