Document Detail


Human malignant astrocytoma xenografts migrate in rat brain: a model for central nervous system cancer research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2651679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fresh cells from two grade 3 human malignant astrocytomas were prelabeled with Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutin (PHAL) and then xenografted into freshly made implantation pockets in rat host cerebral cortex. Animals were sacrificed at 7, 14, 21 days, and 1 month postimplantation (DPI). Paraffin sections were double-labeled for the presence of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a specific marker for astrocytes and differentiated astrocytoma cells, and PHAL, utilized as a marker for graft-derived cells. Grafted human astrocytoma cells were found on the glia limitans along the entire circumference of the brain, in the corpus callosum, internal capsule, entopeduncular nucleus, optic tract, and median eminence. In addition, astrocytoma cells were observed in the cingulum, habenula, arcuate, and supraoptic nucleus. Astrocytoma cells entered the spaces of Virchow-Robin, and migrated along parenchymal blood vessels and between the ependymal and subependymal layers of the third and lateral ventricles. The corpus callosum was a major migration route for the astrocytoma cells. The presence of basal lamina or parallel nerve fiber bundles was a common factor for these migration routes. The migration of the human astrocytoma xenografted cells in the rat brain followed the spread of human malignant astrocytomas in the human brain and is a valuable basic science tool in brain cancer research.
Authors:
J J Bernstein; W J Goldberg; E R Laws
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroscience research     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0360-4012     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci. Res.     Publication Date:  1989 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-05     Completed Date:  1989-06-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600111     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  134-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurological Surgery, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20422.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Astrocytoma / pathology*,  physiopathology
Brain Neoplasms / pathology*
Cell Movement
Cerebral Cortex / pathology*
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / analysis
Humans
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Male
Models, Biological
Neoplasm Transplantation
Phytohemagglutinins / analysis
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Transplantation, Heterologous
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0/Phytohemagglutinins; 0/leukoagglutinins, plants

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