Document Detail

HLA polymorphism among Chinese patients with chronic plaque psoriasis: subgroup analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21985130     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: HLA-Cw*06 has a strong influence on the clinical features and the susceptibility to psoriasis in different ethnicities. It is also used as a biomarker to predict the therapeutic efficacy of biologics, with inconsistent results. Additionally, most Asian patients with psoriasis do not carry HLA-Cw*06.
OBJECTIVES: To determine additional HLA alleles which confer susceptibility or affect the severity of psoriasis in Chinese Han individuals. In addition, the potential of using HLA to predict treatment outcomes was also investigated.
METHODS: We conducted a case-control association study in 199 Chinese patients with psoriasis and 200 unrelated healthy controls. HLA-B and HLA-C genotyping was performed and correlated with the therapeutic efficacy of the biologics, including alefacept, efalizumab, etanercept and ustekinumab. Patients with psoriasis were divided into group A (high-need patients with moderate to severe psoriasis) and B (general patients with psoriasis).
RESULTS: The frequencies of HLA-B*60, HLA-B*75, HLA-Cw*06 and HLA-Cw*10 were significantly increased in patients with psoriasis compared with the healthy controls. However, the prevalence of HLA-Cw*06 was lower in group A compared with group B (6% vs. 17%, Pc=0·04). HLA-B*46 was found to be strongly associated with group A but not with group B patients with psoriasis. HLA-Cw*01/HLA-B*46 was also identified as a risk haplotype for Chinese patients with psoriasis, compatible with the results in Thais. Significant differences in response to biologics were observed between HLA-Cw*01+ and HLA-Cw*01- individuals in the alefacept treatment group, and between HLA-B*37+ and HLA-B*37-, and HLA-B*58+ and HLA-B*58- individuals in the efalizumab treatment group.
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to HLA-Cw*06, the HLA-Cw*01/HLA-B*46 haplotype was also increased in Chinese patients with psoriasis. High-need patients with psoriasis had a lower frequency of HLA-Cw*06 but a higher prevalence of HLA-B*46 compared with general patients with psoriasis in our population.
H Y Chiu; P-Y Huang; S-H Jee; C-Y Hu; C-T Chou; Y-T Chang; C-Y Hwang; T-F Tsai
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-01-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of dermatology     Volume:  166     ISSN:  1365-2133     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-24     Completed Date:  2012-03-27     Revised Date:  2013-05-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0004041     Medline TA:  Br J Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.
Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital, 7 Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
Case-Control Studies
China / ethnology
Chronic Disease
Dermatologic Agents / therapeutic use
Gene Frequency
Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
HLA-A Antigens / genetics
HLA-B Antigens / genetics*
HLA-C Antigens / genetics*
Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
Psoriasis / drug therapy,  ethnology,  genetics*
Recombinant Fusion Proteins / therapeutic use
Risk Factors
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0/Dermatologic Agents; 0/HLA-A Antigens; 0/HLA-B Antigens; 0/HLA-C Antigens; 0/Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0/efalizumab; ELK3V90G6C/alefacept

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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