Document Detail

Human exposure to arsenic through foodstuffs cultivated using arsenic contaminated groundwater in areas of West Bengal, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21879858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The widespread incidence of chronic arsenicosis in the Bengal Delta has led to intensive research on arsenic (As) enrichment in groundwater as well as accumulation in foodstuffs, as there are potential health risks associated with exposure to As from both sources. This study deals with human As exposure through the drinking of groundwater, consumption of locally grown foodstuffs (e.g., crops and vegetables) and cooked food in Nadia district, West Bengal. Groundwater and foodstuffs were collected and analyzed with FI-HG-AAS to estimate the total As content. Urine samples collected from human subjects were analyzed to assess the As exposure. Two major crops, boro and aman rice, showed a considerable amount of As, with mean values of 194 and 156 μg kg(-1), respectively. Significant levels of As were also found in other common crops and vegetables cultivated in this area (for example, the mean As in Arum and radish was 780 and 674 μg kg(-1), respectively). Total intake of As from foodstuffs by adults (560 μg day(-1)) and children (393 μg day(-1)) in the area was found to be at alarming levels. Arsenic exposure was demonstrated by the presence of As in urine (ranging between 154 and 276 μg L(-1)), with overall As retention of 50-60 %. The results of this study further indicate the potential risk of As exposure to local inhabitants through the food chain which is associated with continuous consumption of As-contaminated foodstuffs. Therefore, more action needs to be taken to control the contamination pathways (such as the water-soil-crop system) to protect humans from continuous ingestion of As through foodstuffs.
Alok C Samal; Sandeep Kar; Piyal Bhattacharya; Subhas C Santra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1532-4117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-01     Completed Date:  2011-12-22     Revised Date:  2012-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1259-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental Science, University of Kalyani, Nadia, Kalyani, West Bengal, India.
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MeSH Terms
Arsenic / analysis*,  urine
Drinking Water / analysis
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Flow Injection Analysis / methods*
Food Contamination / analysis*
Groundwater / analysis*
Oryza sativa / chemistry*
Species Specificity
Spectrophotometry, Atomic / methods*
Vegetables / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Drinking Water; 7440-38-2/Arsenic

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