Document Detail


Human causality judgments and response rates on DRL and DRH schedules of reinforcement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12882379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of various relationships between a response (an investment made in the context of a game) and an outcome (a return on the investment) on judgments of the causal effectiveness of the response was examined. In Experiment 1, response rates and causal judgments were higher for a differential-reinforcement-of-high-rate (DRH) schedule relative to a variable-ratio (VR) schedule with the same probability of outcome following a response. Response rates were also higher for a DRH than for a variable-interval schedule matched for reinforcement rate. In Experiment 2, response rates and causal judgments were lower for a differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate schedule relative to a VR schedule with the same probability of outcome following a response. These results corroborate the view that schedules are a determinant of both response rates and causal judgments, and that few current theories of causal judgment explicitly predict this pattern of results.
Authors:
Phil Reed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Learning & behavior     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1543-4494     ISO Abbreviation:  Learn Behav     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-28     Completed Date:  2003-09-10     Revised Date:  2011-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101155056     Medline TA:  Learn Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University College London, London, England. p.reed@ucl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Association Learning*
Cognition
Concept Formation
Female
Humans
Judgment*
Male
Middle Aged
Problem Solving
Reaction Time
Reinforcement Schedule*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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