Document Detail

Human body surface area: a theoretical approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14634827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Knowledge of the human body surface area has important applications in medical practice, garment design, and other engineering sizing. Therefore, it is not surprising that several expressions correlating body surface area with direct measurements of body mass and length have been reported in the literature. In the present study, based on the assumption that the exterior shape of the human body is the result of convex and concave deformations from a basic cylinder, we derive a theoretical equation minimizing body surface area (BSA) at a fixed volume (V): BSA=(9pi VL)(0.5), where L is the reference length of the body. Assuming a body density value of 1,000 kg.m(-3), the equation becomes BSA=(BM.BH/35.37)(0.5), where BSA is in square meters, BM is the body mass in kilograms, and BH is the body height in meters. BSA values calculated by means of this equation fall within +/-7% of the values obtained by means of the equations available in the literature, in the range of BSA from children to adults. It is also suggested that the above equation, which is obtained by minimizing the outer body surface at a fixed volume, implies a fundamental relation set by the geometrical constraints governing the growth and the development of the human body.
Jianfeng Wang; Eiji Hihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Validation Studies     Date:  2003-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-16     Completed Date:  2004-11-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-0033 Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Anthropometry / methods*
Body Mass Index*
Body Surface Area*
Computer Simulation
Models, Biological*
Models, Statistical
Statistics as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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