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Human adverse reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic field exposures: review of epidemiologic studies.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8206019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Concerns have been raised regarding a relation between residential and occupational electromagnetic (EM) field exposures and adverse reproductive effects. This paper reviews the epidemiologic evidence for this possible relation, including some pertinent methodologic issues, notes relevant findings from the experimental literature, and discusses areas for future research. Evidence is lacking for a strong association between a woman's use of a video display terminal (VDT) during pregnancy and spontaneous abortion. The evidence for a strong association between a women's use of a VDT and other adverse reproductive endpoints is also lacking, with some suggestive findings for congenital malformations and too few data to reach a conclusion about other endpoints. With respect to low-level EM field exposures other than VDTs, the paucity of data prevents one from determining whether there are reproductive health risks associated with such exposures. Therefore, this is an area that needs further investigation. Given that altered growth may be an underlying biologic effect of EM field exposures, endpoints that might be pursued in future studies include congenital malformations not associated with chromosomal anomalies, intrauterine growth retardation, and chromosomally normal spontaneous abortions.
Authors:
G M Shaw; L A Croen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  101 Suppl 4     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-14     Completed Date:  1994-07-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Emeryville 94608.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects*
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*,  analysis
Female
Forecasting
Humans
Male
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects,  analysis
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Full Text
Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 12 Year: 1993
Volume: 101 Issue: Suppl 4
First Page: 107 Last Page: 119
ID: 1519703
PubMed Id: 8206019

Human adverse reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic field exposures: review of epidemiologic studies.
G M Shaw
L A Croen
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Emeryville 94608.



Article Categories:
  • Research Article


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