Document Detail


Human Salmonella infections linked to contaminated dry dog and cat food, 2006-2008.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20696725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Human Salmonella infections associated with dry pet food have not been previously reported. We investigated such an outbreak of Salmonella Schwarzengrund and primarily affecting young children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two multistate case-control studies were conducted to determine the source and mode of infections among case-patients with the outbreak strain. Study 1 evaluated household exposures to animals and pet foods, and study 2 examined risk factors for transmission among infant case-patients. Environmental investigations were conducted. RESULTS: Seventy-nine case-patients in 21 states were identified; 48% were children aged 2 years or younger. Case-households were significantly more likely than control households to report dog contact (matched odds ratio [mOR]: 3.6) and to have recently purchased manufacturer X brands of dry pet food (mOR: 6.9). Illness among infant case-patients was significantly associated with feeding pets in the kitchen (OR: 4.4). The outbreak strain was isolated from opened bags of dry dog food produced at plant X, fecal specimens from dogs that ate manufacturer X dry dog food, and an environmental sample and unopened bags of dog and cat foods from plant X. More than 23 000 tons of pet foods were recalled. After additional outbreak-linked illnesses were identified during 2008, the company recalled 105 brands of dry pet food and permanently closed plant X. CONCLUSIONS: Dry dog and cat foods manufactured at plant X were linked to human illness for a 3-year period. This outbreak highlights the importance of proper handling and storage of pet foods in the home to prevent human illness, especially among young children.
Authors:
Casey Barton Behravesh; Aimee Ferraro; Marshall Deasy; Virginia Dato; Mària Moll; Carol Sandt; Nancy K Rea; Regan Rickert; Chandra Marriott; Kimberly Warren; Veronica Urdaneta; Ellen Salehi; Elizabeth Villamil; Tracy Ayers; R M Hoekstra; Jana L Austin; Stephen Ostroff; Ian T Williams;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-02     Completed Date:  2010-10-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA. cbartonbehravesh@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animal Feed / microbiology*
Animals
Case-Control Studies
Cats
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks*
Dogs
Female
Food Microbiology*
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Salmonella / isolation & purification*
Salmonella Infections / epidemiology*,  transmission*
Time Factors
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Carol Teacher / ; Perry Fox / ; Eric Brandt / ; Steven York / ; Katherine Grandfield / ; Rebekah Carman / ; Lai Ming Woo / ; Rick Bokanyi / ; Christina Allman / ; Sarah Alexander /

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