Document Detail

Human ocular infection with Dirofilaria repens (Railliet and Henry, 1911) in an area endemic for canine dirofilariasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21633041     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dirofilaria repens, which is usually found in canine subcutaneous tissues, is the main causative agent of human dirofilariasis in the Old Word. However, a relationship between animal and human cases of dirofilariasis caused by D. repens in a given area has never been demonstrated. The uneven distribution of D. repens in provinces in Sicily, Italy represented the foundation for this study. We report a human case of ocular infection with D. repens from Trapani Province, where canine dirofilariasis is endemic. The nematode was morphologically and molecularly identified and surgical removal of the parasite was documented. The relationship between the prevalence of D. repens in dogs and the occurrence of human cases of ocular dirofilariasis is discussed on the basis of a review of the historical literature.
Domenico Otranto; Emanuele Brianti; Gabriella Gaglio; Filipe Dantas-Torres; Salvatore Azzaro; Salvatore Giannetto
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-02     Completed Date:  2011-08-04     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1002-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Università degli Studi di Bari, Str. Prov.le per Casamassima km 3, Valenzano, Bari, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Dirofilaria / growth & development,  isolation & purification*
Dirofilariasis / parasitology*,  transmission
Eye Infections / parasitology*,  transmission
Insect Vectors / parasitology
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Middle Aged
Sicily / epidemiology
Subcutaneous Tissue / parasitology,  pathology

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