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Human Merkel cell polyomavirus: virological background and clinical implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23781869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), identified in humans in 2008, is associated with a relatively rare but aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer, the Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). MCC incidence is increasing due to the advancing age of the population, the increase in damaging sun exposure and in the number of immunocompromised individuals. MCPyV must be considered as the etiological agent of MCC and thus is the first example of a human oncogenic polyomavirus. MCPyV infection is common, and seroprevalence studies indicate that widespread exposure begins early in life. The majority of adults have anti-MCPyV antibodies and there is a growing body of evidence that healthy human skin harbors resident or transient MCPyV suggesting that MCPyV infection persists throughout life. However, the mode of transmission, the host cells, and the latency characteristics of this virus remain to be elucidated. In addition, it is still not clear whether MCPyV is associated with diseases or lesions other than Merkel cell carcinoma. The etiologic role of MCPyV in MCC opens up opportunities to improve the understanding of this cancer and to potentially improve its treatment.
Authors:
Pierre Coursaget; Mahtab Samimi; Jérome T J Nicol; Charlotte Gardair; Antoine Touzé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0463     ISO Abbreviation:  APMIS     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803400     Medline TA:  APMIS     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 APMIS Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Affiliation:
Université François Rabelais, Tours, France; INRA, UMR 1282, Tours, France.
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