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Human Cytomegalovirus (CMV) UL97 D605E Mutation Has a Higher Prevalence in Infants With Primary CMV Infection Compared With Transplant Recipients With CMV Recurrence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23195018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mutations in the UL97 gene are a major mechanism of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) resistance to gancyclovir (GCV). Some mutations may show different regional distributions. To analyze UL97 mutations in Chinese people, we scanned the UL97 gene fragment among virus isolates from 27 infants as well as blood samples from 28 solid organ transplant (SOT) and 42 bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients with active CMV infections as defined by DNAemia or PP65 antigenemia. Only a known GCV-resistant mutation M406V was found in a BMT recipient. However, the D605E mutation was identified in 18 of 27 (66.7%) infants as well as 11 of 28 (39.3%) SOT and 17 of 42 (40.5%) BMT recipients. It was significantly different between the infants and transplant recipients (P < .05). So far, the influence of D605E mutation on GCV-resistance is controversial. In this study, 18 D605E mutants, 9 wild type (WT) isolates, and AD169 controls cultured in fibroblasts were tested for phenotypic drug resistance using a plaque reduction assay. The dose of GCV required for 50% inhibition of plaque formation (IC50) was 1.20 ± 0.67 μmol/L (D605E), 1.71 ± 0.64 μmol/L (WT), and 1.43 ± 0.70 μmol/L (AD169), respectively. This small difference could be caused by analytical error. We concluded that the UL97 D605E mutation showed a different prevalence between infants with primary CMV infection and transplant recipients with CMV recurrence. However, it was not related to a resistant phenotype to GCV.
Authors:
J Sun; G Cao; L Zhang; Y Zhang; Z Zhao; J Hu; Y Ji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1873-2623     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3022-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
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