Document Detail

How well do male latex condoms work? Pregnancy outcome during one menstrual cycle of use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11239619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To evaluate the contraceptive effectiveness of male latex condoms, we assembled a cohort of 300 women relying on male latex condoms for contraception and followed them prospectively for one menstrual cycle. None of the 234 women who completed the study and reported at least one act of intercourse conceived (one cycle pregnancy rate 0%; 95% CI 0%--2%). Given the pattern of intercourse during the cycle and 3 different sets of conception probabilities for different days of the cycle, we would have expected between 32 and 36 pregnancies if no condoms had been used. Thus, the prevented fraction due to condom use (effectiveness) is 100% and the lower bounds of the 95% CI are between 89% and 90%. For this cohort, male latex condoms were an effective method of contraception. This cost-efficient approach of evaluating contraceptive effectiveness shows promise for post-marketing studies.
M J Steiner; D J Taylor; P J Feldblum; A J Wheeless
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contraception     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0010-7824     ISO Abbreviation:  Contraception     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-12     Completed Date:  2001-05-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0234361     Medline TA:  Contraception     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Condoms / standards*
Contraception / methods*
Menstrual Cycle
Prospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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