Document Detail

How to simultaneously optimize muscle strength, power, functional capacity, and cardiovascular gains in the elderly: an update.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288690     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present study was to review the scientific literature that investigated concurrent training adaptations in elderly populations, with the aim of identifying the optimal combination of both training program variables (i.e., strength and endurance) to avoid or minimize the interference effect in the elderly. Scielo, Science Citation Index, MEDLINE, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and ScienceDirect databases were searched. Concurrent training is the most effective strategy by which to improve neuromuscular and cardiorespiratory functions as well as functional capacity in the elderly. The volume and frequency of training appears to play a critical role in concurrent training-induced adaptations in elderly subjects. Furthermore, new evidence indicates that the intra-session exercise order may influence the magnitude of physiological adaptations. Despite the interference effect on strength gains that is caused by concurrent training, this type of training is advantageous in that the combination of strength and endurance training produces both neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations in the elderly. The interference phenomenon may be observed in elderly subjects when a moderate weekly volume of concurrent training (i.e., three times per week) is performed. However, even with the occurrence of this phenomenon, the performance of three concurrent training sessions per week appears to optimize the strength gains in relative brief periods of training (12 weeks). Moreover, performing strength prior to endurance exercise may optimize both neuromuscular and cardiovascular gains.
E L Cadore; M Izquierdo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2013-01-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1574-4647     ISO Abbreviation:  Age (Dordr)     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-28     Completed Date:  2014-06-19     Revised Date:  2014-09-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101250497     Medline TA:  Age (Dordr)     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2329-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
Aging / physiology*
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Resistance Training / methods*

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