Document Detail


How to maintain a healthy body weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17243084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The epidemic of both obesity and type 2 diabetes is due to environmental factors, but the individuals developing the conditions possess a strong genetic predisposition. Observational surveys and intervention studies have shown that excess body fatness is the major environmental cause of type 2 diabetes, and that even a minor weight loss can prevent its development in high-risk subjects. Maintenance of a healthy body weight in susceptible individuals requires 45-60 minutes physical activity daily, a fat-reduced diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables, whole grain, and lean meat and dairy products, and moderate consumption of calorie containing beverages. The use of table values to predict the glycemic index of meals is of little--if any--value, and the role of a low-glycemic index diet for body weight control is controversial. The replacement of starchy carbohydrates with protein from lean meat and lean dairy products enhances satiety, and facilitate weight control. It is possible that dairy calcium also promotes weight loss, although the mechanism of action remains unclear. A weight loss of 5-10% can be induced in almost all obese patients providing treatment is offered by a professional team consisting of a physician and dietitians or nurses trained to focus on weight loss and maintenance. Whereas increasing daily physical activity and regular exercise does not significantly effect the rate of weight loss in the induction phase, it plays an important role in the weight maintenance phase due to an impact on daily energy expenditure and also to a direct enhancement of insulin sensitivity.
Authors:
A Astrup
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0300-9831     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-23     Completed Date:  2007-06-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1273304     Medline TA:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  208-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Department of Human Nutrition, LMC, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark. ast@kvl.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Weight / physiology*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
Diet / methods*
Exercise / physiology
Glycemic Index
Health Behavior*
Humans
Obesity / diet therapy,  prevention & control
Weight Loss / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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