Document Detail


How to make epidemiological training infectious.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22509129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Modern infectious disease epidemiology builds on two independently developed fields: classical epidemiology and dynamical epidemiology. Over the past decade, integration of the two fields has increased in research practice, but training options within the fields remain distinct with few opportunities for integration in the classroom. The annual Clinic on the Meaningful Modeling of Epidemiological Data (MMED) at the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences has begun to address this gap. MMED offers participants exposure to a broad range of concepts and techniques from both epidemiological traditions. During MMED 2010 we developed a pedagogical approach that bridges the traditional distinction between classical and dynamical epidemiology and can be used at multiple educational levels, from high school to graduate level courses. The approach is hands-on, consisting of a real-time simulation of a stochastic outbreak in course participants, including realistic data reporting, followed by a variety of mathematical and statistical analyses, stemming from both epidemiological traditions. During the exercise, dynamical epidemiologists developed empirical skills such as study design and learned concepts of bias while classical epidemiologists were trained in systems thinking and began to understand epidemics as dynamic nonlinear processes. We believe this type of integrated educational tool will prove extremely valuable in the training of future infectious disease epidemiologists. We also believe that such interdisciplinary training will be critical for local capacity building in analytical epidemiology as Africa continues to produce new cohorts of well-trained mathematicians, statisticians, and scientists. And because the lessons draw on skills and concepts from many fields in biology--from pathogen biology, evolutionary dynamics of host--pathogen interactions, and the ecology of infectious disease to bioinformatics, computational biology, and statistics--this exercise can be incorporated into a broad array of life sciences courses.
Authors:
Steve E Bellan; Juliet R C Pulliam; James C Scott; Jonathan Dushoff;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-04-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  PLoS biology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1545-7885     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS Biol.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-17     Completed Date:  2012-08-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101183755     Medline TA:  PLoS Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1001295     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Science, Policy & Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America. steve.bellan@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Epidemics / statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Factors
Epidemiology / education*
Humans
Models, Biological
Models, Statistical
Problem-Based Learning*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
GM83863/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; R24TW008822/TW/FIC NIH HHS
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Steve E Bellan / ; Juliet R C Pulliam / ; James C Scott / ; Jonathan Dushoff / ; Travis C Porco / ; Brian G Williams / ; John W Hargrove / ; Alex Welte / ; Wim Delva / ; Gavin Hitchcock / ; Bibi Adams / ; Linsay Blows / ; Dario Fanucchi / ; Jacob Ismail Irunde / ; Jessica Nezar Gennrich / ; Piet Jones / ; Eric Maluta / ; Geoffrey Marutla / ; Cynthia Mazinu / ; Edinah Mudimu / ; Juliet Nakakawa / ; Nthatheni Norman Nelufule / ; Olina Ngwenya / ; Dany Pascal / ; Tarylee Reddy / ; Wilcan Sekgobela / ; Valrie Mabu Serumula / ; Milaine Seuneu / ; Patrick Shabangu / ; Marinel Janse Van Rensburg / ; Ben Wilson /
Comments/Corrections

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