Document Detail

How restrained eaters perceive the amount they eat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8889079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The cognitive model of binge eating states that it is the awareness of a broken diet that disinhibits the restrained eater. It is, according to that model, the perception of having overeaten that triggers disinhibited eating. However, although the perception of the amount eaten plays a central role in cognitive restraint theory, it has never directly been tested how restrained subjects perceive the amount of food they eat. In the present studies, participants were given ad libitum access to large amounts of palatable food and both their perception of the amount eaten and their estimated caloric intake were compared with the amount they actually ate. The restrained participants in these studies ate more than the unrestrained participants. In the first and second studies, the restrained participants consumed 571 and 372 'forbidden' calories respectively, without having the feeling that they had eaten very much, let alone too much. Moreover in both studies, the restrained eaters underestimated their caloric intake, whereas unrestrained eaters estimated their caloric intake quite well. The potential implications of the present findings for the cognitive restraint model are discussed.
A Jansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of clinical psychology / the British Psychological Society     Volume:  35 ( Pt 3)     ISSN:  0144-6657     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-27     Completed Date:  1997-02-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105533     Medline TA:  Br J Clin Psychol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  381-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Experimental Abnormal Psychology, Limburg University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Choice Behavior
Energy Intake
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Hyperphagia / psychology*
Impulsive Behavior / psychology

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