Document Detail

How injection drug users coped with testing HIV-seropositive: implications for subsequent health-related behaviors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11459357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
At entry into methadone maintenance treatment, 94 HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs) completed the Coping Reponses Inventory, which asked them to "describe your feelings and experiences when you first learned you were HIV positive." Controlling for time since HIV testing, a reliance on avoidance coping following HIV testing was correlated with high levels of recent HIV risk behavior and poor health at entry into the study. The use of any coping strategy, particularly approach strategies, was related to medication adherence. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that avoidance coping accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in recent HIV risk behavior over and above that accounted for by the other variables. Other independent predictors of continued risk behavior were poor health, lack of social support, and low levels of HIV/AIDS knowledge. The need for interventions to help injection drug users (IDUs) cope subsequent to testing HIV seropositive is discussed.
S K Avants; L A Warburton; A Margolin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0899-9546     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Educ Prev     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-18     Completed Date:  2001-12-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002873     Medline TA:  AIDS Educ Prev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-18     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Yale University School of Medicine, Division of Substance Abuse, New Haven, CT 06519, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
Adaptation, Psychological*
Data Interpretation, Statistical
HIV Seropositivity* / complications,  psychology
Health Behavior*
Methadone / therapeutic use
Narcotics / therapeutic use
Personality Assessment
Regression Analysis
Social Support
Substance Abuse, Intravenous* / complications,  drug therapy,  psychology
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Narcotics; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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