Document Detail

How is food insecurity associated with dietary behaviors? An analysis with low-income, ethnically diverse participants in a nutrition intervention study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21111099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food insecurity has been associated with lower nutrient intake as well as lower intake of fruits and vegetables. However, little is known about the association of food insecurity and dietary behaviors, including food choices and preparation methods. This study examines the relationship between food insecurity and dietary behaviors of low-income adults (N = 1,874; 55% Hispanic) who completed the baseline telephone survey for a nutrition education study. From April 2003 to August 2004, data were collected on demographics and food-security status and validated dietary measures: fruit and vegetable screener and Food Habits Questionnaire were used to assess fat-related behaviors (food choices or preparation methods that lead to an increase or decrease in fat intake). χ² tests were conducted to compare each demographic variable by food-security status. Univariate linear regression models examined dietary variables by food-security status in univariate models initially, then in multivariable models adjusting for demographics. Half of participants reported food insecurity. Food Habits Questionnaire scores were significantly greater in the food-insecure group, reflecting a higher fat intake (P < 0.05). Fruit (with juice) intake was significantly greater in the food-insecure participants reflecting increased juice intake (P < 0.05). Food-insecure individuals reported a higher juice intake and a lower frequency of fat-lowering behaviors. Future interventions with food-insecure individuals should include nutrition education as well as efforts to increase access and availability to healthier foods. Further qualitative and quantitative research is needed on the relationship between diet and food insecurity.
Jennifer A Mello; Kim M Gans; Patricia M Risica; Usree Kirtania; Leslie O Strolla; Leanne Fournier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1878-3570     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-29     Completed Date:  2011-01-04     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1906-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American Dietetic Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
Cooking / methods
Diet* / economics,  ethnology,  standards
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Ethnic Groups
Feeding Behavior / ethnology,  psychology*
Food Habits / ethnology,  psychology*
Food Supply*
Health Education
Hispanic Americans
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 CA081828/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA081828-01A2/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01-CA81828/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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