Document Detail


How effective is the motion-to-suppress safeguard? Judges' perceptions of the suggestiveness and fairness of biased lineup procedures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9109279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The motion-to-suppress safeguard is designed to prevent false eyewitness identifications from leading to wrongful convictions. This safeguard is effective only if judges are sensitive to factors that influence lineup suggestiveness. The present study assessed judge sensitivity to foil, instruction, and presentation biases. Judges (N = 99) read a description of a hypothetical crime, perpetrator, and identification procedure followed by a motion to suppress the identification. Judges completed a questionnaire in which they ruled on the motion and rated the lineup's suggestiveness and fairness. Foil bias and instruction bias influenced judges' rulings and lineup evaluations as predicted. Hypotheses concerning presentation bias were not supported. These results suggest that judges are somewhat sensitive to lineup suggestiveness but there is room for improvement.
Authors:
V Stinson; J L Devenport; B L Cutler; D A Kravitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of applied psychology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0021-9010     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Psychol     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-19     Completed Date:  1997-05-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0222526     Medline TA:  J Appl Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. veronica.stinson@stmarys.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Crime / legislation & jurisprudence*
Homicide / legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Jurisprudence*
Male
Social Control, Formal
Suggestion*
Theft / legislation & jurisprudence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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