Document Detail


How do global and local geometries shape exploratory behavior in rats?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17988750     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examines how rats process object information in relation to other objects as well as to the global shape of an enclosure. Rats were introduced into either a round or a square arena with various arrays of freestanding portable corners (objects) that differed in spacing, orientation, and number. We found that the time spent at the objects was substantially higher in the round compared with the square arena. Rats in the square arena distributed their time evenly between arena perimeter and objects; however, they visited the objects more frequently than the perimeter. Rats tested in either round or square arena favored staying at the interior of the object regardless of its orientation in the arena. Finally, only geometric changes in the object array affected the rats' level of activity. These findings demonstrate that the rats were able to detect the geometry of the enclosure, the array, and the objects. We suggest that the context of the global enclosure geometry affects the meaning of landmarks (objects) for the observer, which in turn results in a different distribution of activity. Specifically, an object's local geometry served mainly in the context of a safe place in the round arena, as manifested in extended duration of stay at the objects, however in the square arena served mainly as a place of interest, as manifested in the frequent visits, but without their staying there. Thus, the geometries of the enclosure, the object array, and the discrete objects, together shape exploratory behavior in rats.
Authors:
Osnat Yaski; David Eilam
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural brain research     Volume:  187     ISSN:  0166-4328     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-18     Completed Date:  2008-04-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004872     Medline TA:  Behav Brain Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  334-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Environment
Exploratory Behavior / physiology*
Male
Motor Activity / physiology
Orientation / physiology*
Rats
Rats, Long-Evans
Space Perception / physiology*
Spatial Behavior / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Neural-immune interactions in disorders of sleep-wakefulness organization.
Next Document:  The role of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor and its endogenous ligands, anandamide and 2-arachidonoylgl...