Document Detail


How do different cigarette design features influence the standard tar yields of popular cigarette brands sold in different countries?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18768453     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations among cigarette design features and tar yields of leading cigarette brands sold in the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. METHODS: Government reports and numbers listed on packs were used to obtain data on International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/Federal Trade Commission (FTC) yields for the tar of 172 cigarette varieties sold in the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. We used standardised methods to measure the following 11 cigarette design parameters: filter ventilation, cigarette pressure drop, filter pressure drop, tobacco rod length, filter length, cigarette diameter, tipping paper length, tobacco weight, filter weight, rod density and filter density. RESULTS: Filter ventilation was found to be the predominant design feature accounting for the variations between brands in ISO/FTC tar yields in each of the four countries. After accounting for filter ventilation, design parameters such as overwrap length, tobacco weight and rod density played comparatively minor roles in determining tar yields. CONCLUSIONS: Variation in ISO/FTC tar yields are predicted by a limited set of cigarette design features, especially filter ventilation, suggesting that governments should consider mandatory disclosure of cigarette design parameters as part of comprehensive tobacco product regulations.
Authors:
R J O'Connor; D Hammond; A McNeill; B King; L T Kozlowski; G A Giovino; K M Cummings
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tobacco control     Volume:  17 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1468-3318     ISO Abbreviation:  Tob Control     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-04     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209612     Medline TA:  Tob Control     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  i1-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA. richard.oconnor@roswellpark.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Consumer Product Safety
Filtration / instrumentation
Humans
Linear Models
Materials Testing / methods
Smoke / analysis*
Smoking
Tars / analysis*
Tobacco / chemistry
Tobacco Industry
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 P50 CA111236/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Smoke; 0/Tars; 0/tobacco tar

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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