Document Detail

How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among Dominican immigrant women: an exploratory study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21213188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Understanding the factors that contribute to the health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities in the United States is very important given the growing Latina population. Although researchers have investigated the health and mental health status among Latinas, the relationship between mental health and self-esteem has not been given a lot of attention. Given that self-esteem is a proxy for mental health status, investigations exploring the factors that can negatively affect self-esteem are needed. Therefore, the current study examined the influence of discrimination and stress on self-esteem among Dominican immigrant women. A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 235 immigrant Dominican women in New York City. Women (age 18-49 years) and in the United States for fewer than 20 years were more likely to report experiencing discrimination compared to women older than age 50 years and in the United States for more than 20 years. After controlling for age, time in the United States, educational level, and income, high levels of discrimination (-0.09, p < 0.01) and stress (-0.69, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with reduced self-esteem. Interventions with Latino/a populations, especially women, need to acknowledge their individual evaluations of the discriminatory and stressful experiences that negatively influence their self-esteem and subsequently their mental health status.
Subadra Panchanadeswaran; Beverly Araujo Dawson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social work in public health     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1937-190X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Work Public Health     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-07     Completed Date:  2011-04-21     Revised Date:  2011-08-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101308228     Medline TA:  Soc Work Public Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-77     Citation Subset:  H    
School of Social Work, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dominican Republic / ethnology
Educational Status
Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
Health Status
Health Status Disparities*
Linear Models
Mental Health
Middle Aged
Minority Groups / psychology*
Multivariate Analysis
Self Concept*
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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