Document Detail

How can sociological theory help our understanding of addictions?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14509544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Those who work in the addiction field usually use the pharmacological or medical model, psychological theories of behavior, or operate within the confines of a criminal justice perspective. Contributions from the field of sociology are limited to use of the methods of sociological investigations, primarily population surveys, which, typically, are used to identify groups at-risk for specific types of drug use. Surveys have identified illicit drug use as, predominantly, a problem of young males, whereas prescription drug use is predominantly a problem of middle-aged and older women in industrialized countries. Experts in addiction have accused sociologists who study addiction of being "atheoretical." Paradoxically, in the sociology field, the most highly cited article is Merton's theory of addiction. This article will examine the contributions of sociological theory to our understanding of addiction, including social definitions of "the problem of addiction" and mechanisms to account for individual drug use within a social context that defines it as problematic.
Manuella Adrian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance use & misuse     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1082-6084     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Use Misuse     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-25     Completed Date:  2004-01-28     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602153     Medline TA:  Subst Use Misuse     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1385-423     Citation Subset:  IM    
College of Osteopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Behavior, Addictive / psychology*
Psychological Theory*
Social Behavior
Sociology, Medical*
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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