Document Detail


How pregnant African American women view pregnancy weight gain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22789036     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into how low-income, pregnant African American women viewed their weight gain while pregnant and how they managed their weight during pregnancy.
DESIGN: Descriptive study using three focus groups.
SETTING: Women were recruited from urban prenatal care sites and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) services in a medium-sized urban northeastern city.
PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six adult, low-income, pregnant African American women, age 18 to 39; the majority were within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.
METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted utilizing open-ended questions related to pregnancy weight gain. Content analysis was used to analyze the verbatim transcripts. Analysis focused on meaning, intention, and context. Groups were compared and contrasted at the within and between group levels to identify themes.
RESULTS: Four themes were identified that provided insight into how women viewed their pregnancy weight gain and managed weight gain during pregnancy: (a) pregnancy weight gain: no matter how much means a healthy baby; (b) weight retention: it happens; (c) there is a limit: weight gain impact on appearance; and (d) watching and waiting: plans for controlling weight.
CONCLUSION: Low-income African American women, though cognizant of the likelihood of retention of weight following pregnancy, are not focused on limiting their gestational weight gain. The cultural acceptance of a larger body size along with the belief that gaining more weight is indicative of a healthy infant present challenges for interventions to limit excessive gestational weight gain.
Authors:
Susan W Groth; Dianne Morrison-Beedy; Ying Meng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-07-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1552-6909     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    2012 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-27     Completed Date:  2013-06-04     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  798-808     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. Susan_groth@urmc.rochester.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans / psychology*
Attitude to Health / ethnology*
Body Image / psychology*
Body Mass Index*
Female
Focus Groups
Gestational Age
Humans
Maternal Age
Poverty
Pregnancy
Questionnaires
Reference Values
Risk Assessment
Self-Assessment
United States
Urban Population
Weight Gain / ethnology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 NR010748/NR/NINR NIH HHS; K23 NR010748/NR/NINR NIH HHS; KL2 RR024136/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; KL2 RR024136-03/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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