Document Detail

How has the economic downturn affected communities and implementation of science-based prevention in the randomized trial of communities that care?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23054169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined implications of the economic downturn that began in December 2007 for the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a longitudinal randomized controlled trial of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system. The downturn had the potential to affect the internal validity of the CYDS research design and implementation of science-based prevention in study communities. We used archival economic indicators and community key leader reports of economic conditions to assess the extent of the economic downturn in CYDS communities and potential internal validity threats. We also examined whether stronger economic downturn effects were associated with a decline in science-based prevention implementation. Economic indicators suggested the downturn affected CYDS communities to different degrees. We found no evidence of systematic differences in downturn effects in CTC compared to control communities that would threaten internal validity of the randomized trial. The Community Economic Problems scale was a reliable measure of community economic conditions, and it showed criterion validity in relation to several objective economic indicators. CTC coalitions continued to implement science-based prevention to a significantly greater degree than control coalitions 2 years after the downturn began. However, CTC implementation levels declined to some extent as unemployment, the percentage of students qualifying for free lunch, and community economic problems worsened. Control coalition implementation levels were not related to economic conditions before or after the downturn, but mean implementation levels of science-based prevention were also relatively low in both periods.
Margaret R Kuklinski; J David Hawkins; Robert D Plotnick; Robert D Abbott; Carolina K Reid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of community psychology     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1573-2770     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Community Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-29     Completed Date:  2013-11-25     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364535     Medline TA:  Am J Community Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  370-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Community Networks / economics*
Economic Recession*
Juvenile Delinquency / prevention & control*
Reproducibility of Results
United States
Grant Support
R01 DA015183/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA015183-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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