Document Detail

How Do Proteins Unfold upon Adsorption on Nanoparticle Surfaces?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22913793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Owing to their many outstanding features, such as small size, large surface area, and cell penetration ability, nanoparticles have been increasingly used in medicine and biomaterials as drug carriers and diagnostic or therapeutic agents. However, our understanding of the interactions of biological entities, especially proteins, with nanoparticles is far behind the explosive development of nanotechnology. In typical protein-nanoparticle interactions, two processes (i.e., surface binding and conformational changes in proteins) are intermingled with each other and have not yet been quantitatively described. Here, by using a stopped-flow fast mixing technique, we were able to shed light on the kinetics of the adsorption-induced protein unfolding on nanoparticle surfaces in detail. We observed a biphasic denaturation behavior of protein GB1 on latex nanoparticle surfaces. Such kinetics can be adequately described by a fast equilibrium adsorption followed by a slow reversible unfolding of GB1. On the basis of this model, we quantitatively measured all rate constants that are involved in this process, from which the free-energy profile is constructed. This allows us to evaluate the effects of environmental factors, such as pH and ionic strength, on both the adsorption and the conformational change in GB1 on the latex nanoparticle surface. These studies provide a general physical picture of the adsorption-induced unfolding of proteins on nanoparticle surfaces and a quantitative description of the energetics of each transition. We anticipate that it will greatly advance our current understanding of protein-nanoparticle interactions and will be helpful for the rational control of such interactions in biomedical applications.
Hai Pan; Meng Qin; Wei Meng; Yi Cao; Wei Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  Langmuir     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882736     Medline TA:  Langmuir     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructure, Department of Physics, Nanjing University , 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, PR China.
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