Document Detail


How the 2008 stock market crash and seasons affect total and cardiac deaths in Los Angeles County.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22381159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Various stressors trigger cardiac death. The objective was to investigate a possible relation between a stock market crash and cardiac death in a large population within the United States. We obtained daily stock market data (Dow Jones Industrial Average Index), death certificate data for daily deaths in Los Angeles County (LA), and annual LA population estimates for 2005 through 2008. The 4 years death rate curves (2005 through 2008) were averaged into a single curve to illustrate annual trends. Data were "deseasonalized" by subtracting from the daily observed value the average value for that day of year. There was marked seasonal variation in total and cardiac death rates. Even in the mild LA climate, death rates were higher in winter versus summer including total death (+17%), circulatory death (+24%), coronary heart disease death (+28%), and myocardial infarction death (+38%) rates (p <0.0001 for each). Absolute coronary heart disease death rates have decreased since 1985. After accounting for seasonal variation, the large stock market crash in October 2008 did not affect death rates in LA. Death rates remained at or below seasonal averages during the stock market crash. In conclusion, after correcting for seasonal variation, the stock market crash in October 2008 was not associated with an increase in total or cardiac death in LA. Annual coronary heart disease death rates continue to decrease. However, seasonal variation (specifically winter) remains a trigger for death and coronary heart disease death even in LA where winters are mild.
Authors:
Bryan Glen Schwartz; John Christopher Pezzullo; Scott Andrew McDonald; William Kenneth Poole; Robert Alan Kloner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-01     Completed Date:  2012-07-16     Revised Date:  2012-12-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1445-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Heart Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
California / epidemiology
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*,  psychology
Cause of Death / trends
Economics*
Humans
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Seasons*
Stress, Psychological / mortality*,  psychology
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Cardiol. 2012 Nov 1;110(9):1384; author reply p.1384   [PMID:  23059387 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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