Document Detail


Household smoking behaviours and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke among infants: are current strategies effectively protecting our young?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20618268     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among infants attending child health clinics in regional NSW; the association between such exposure and household smoking behaviours; and the factors associated with smoking restrictions in households with infants. METHODS: Parents completed a computer-based questionnaire and infant urine samples were collected. Information was obtained regarding the smoking behaviours of household members and samples were analysed for cotinine. RESULTS: Twenty seven per cent of infants had detectable levels of cotinine. Infant ETS exposure was significantly associated with the smoking status of household members, absence of complete smoking bans in smoking households and having more than one smoker in the home. Smoking households were significantly less likely to have a complete smoking ban in place. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that a significant proportion of the population group most vulnerable to ETS were exposed. IMPLICATIONS: Future efforts to reduce children's exposure to ETS need to target cessation by smoking parents, and smoking bans in households of infants where parents are smokers if desired reductions in childhood ETS-related illness are to be realised.
Authors:
Justine B Daly; John H Wiggers; Sally Burrows; Megan Freund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1753-6405     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-12     Completed Date:  2010-09-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hunter New England Population Health, New South Wales; The University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cotinine / urine*
Creatinine / urine
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*,  analysis,  statistics & numerical data
Family Characteristics
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
New South Wales / epidemiology
Parents*
Prevalence
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*,  analysis,  statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine; 60-27-5/Creatinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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