Document Detail

Hot surface temperatures of domestic appliances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12462169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Domestic appliances are burning people. In the European Union, accidents requiring hospital treatment due to burns from hot objects account for between 0 and 1% of all such accidents. Young children are particularly at risk. These reported accidents requiring hospital treatment are also likely to be a small proportion of the total number of burns from hot objects. RESEARCH METHOD: There is a lack of hard evidence about the level of accidents, typical consumer expectation and use, and on the state of the art of appliances. Results of technical laboratory tests carried out on products are used to demonstrate the state of the art and also show how consumer expectations could be changing. Results of a survey into accidents, based on a written questionnaire following telephone contact, provide information on non-hospital cases. RESULTS: Results of tests on products show that there are significant differences in the temperatures of touchable surfaces, even in products of the same type. Typically, these differences are due to variations in design and/or materials of construction. Some products are hot enough to burn skin. Accident research indicates that non-hospital medical practices are treating burn injuries, which are therefore not being included into the current accident statistics. CONCLUSIONS: For products with the same function, some types of design or materials of construction are safer, with lower surface temperatures. Many product standards have no or unnecessarily high limits on surface temperatures. Many standards do not address the realities of who is using their products, for what purpose or where they are located. Some standards use unreasonable general limitations and exclusions that allow products with higher surface temperatures than they should have. Many standards rely on the experience factor for avoiding injury that is no longer valid, with the increased availability of safer products of the same type. A major field of work ahead is to carry out more surveys and in-depth studies of non-fatal accidents and injuries.
Malcolm Bassett; Anne-Helene Arild
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury control and safety promotion     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1566-0974     ISO Abbreviation:  Inj Control Saf Promot     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-03     Completed Date:  2002-12-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100941859     Medline TA:  Inj Control Saf Promot     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Consumer Safety, Consumers' Association, Davy Avenue, Knowlhill, Milton Keynes, MK5 8NL, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Accident Prevention
Accidents, Home / statistics & numerical data*
Age Distribution
Burns / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Child, Preschool
Consumer Product Safety / standards
European Union / statistics & numerical data*
Hot Temperature / adverse effects*
Household Articles / standards*,  statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
Risk Management / standards,  statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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