Document Detail


Hostility as a moderator of physical reactivity and recovery to stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12325405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This experiment was designed to assess differences in physiological reactivity and recovery to stress among low- and high-hostile men. Specifically, 25 low- and 25 high-hostile undergraduates were identified using the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (Cook & Medley, 1954). To ensure homogeneity, all subjects were right-handed and had a general right hemibody preference, as indicated by a score of +7 or higher on the Coren, Porac, and Duncan Laterality Test (Corer, Porac, & Duncan, 1979). All subjects underwent a traditional cold-pressor stressor test. Physiological measures--heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure--were recorded before the stressor (Prestress), after the stressor (Poststress), and then again 9 min later (Recovery). Increased physiological arousal between pre- and poststress measurements was used as an indicator of reactivity. Subsequent decreases in physiological arousal were used as recover measures. Given the current models of negative emotion and hostility, it was expected that high-hostiles, relative to low-hostiles, would evidence increased physiological arousal and decreased recovery to stress. Interestingly, high-hostiles experienced significantly greater reactivity to stress in heart rate only, and no group differences were found with regard to recovery. Results are discussed in terms of previous research and current models of emotion.
Authors:
Robert D Rhodes; David W Harrison; Heath A Demaree
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of neuroscience     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0020-7454     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-27     Completed Date:  2003-01-30     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0270707     Medline TA:  Int J Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect
Arousal / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Brain / physiology*
Functional Laterality / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Hostility*
Humans
Ice
Male
Recovery of Function*
Stress, Physiological / physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ice

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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