Document Detail

Hospitalization for caffeine abuse is associated with abuse of other pharmaceutical products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18774047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics and outcomes of patients seeking treatment for abuse of supplemental caffeine. METHODS: This was a 3-year analysis conducted of all consecutive cases involving caffeine abuse in patients 10 years and older reported to a regional poison center. Excluded were suicide attempts, therapeutic errors, and cases involving only a coffee or tea product. RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-four cases met inclusion criteria. Mean age was 20.5 years, 50% were women. Caffeine was in the form of a nondietary medication in 201 cases, a dietary supplement in 35 cases, and a caffeine-enhanced beverage in 35 cases. Caffeine was abused alone in 174 (68%), with alcohol in 7, illegal drugs in 6 cases, and with other pharmaceutical products in 81 (29%) cases. Thirty-four patients (13% of total) were hospitalized for medical complications from caffeine. Only concomitant abuse of other pharmaceutical products was associated with hospitalization (odds ratio, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.8-8.8; P = .0004). CONCLUSION: In this cohort, supplemental caffeine was abused primarily by young adults. Concomitant recreational abuse of other pharmaceuticals was associated with hospitalization and warrants further investigation.
Danielle M McCarthy; Mark B Mycyk; Carol A DesLauriers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1532-8171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-08     Completed Date:  2008-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309942     Medline TA:  Am J Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  799-802     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Caffeine / adverse effects*
Central Nervous System Stimulants / adverse effects*
Databases, Factual
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
Illinois / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Poison Control Centers / statistics & numerical data*
Retrospective Studies
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Stimulants; 58-08-2/Caffeine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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