Document Detail


Hospitalisations for gastroenteritis: the role of rotavirus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15121314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine the proportion of hospitalisations for gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus, we tested for rotavirus stool samples of all children under the age of five hospitalised for gastroenteritis between 1 December 1999 and 30 May 2000 in seven community and specialised hospitals in Quebec. Of 944 children hospitalised, 565 (59.9%) were screened for rotavirus and 405 (71.7%) tested positive. From December to April, the proportion of positive results rose from 51.6 to 78.1%. Compared with children whose test results were negative, children who tested positive presented vomiting more frequently upon admission (88.9 versus 60.4%) and needed IV fluids in greater proportion (94.1 versus 78.0%), but spent less time in hospital (2.8 versus 3.3 days). Aside from dehydration, no complications were noted. In Quebec, a large majority of winter and spring hospitalisations for gastroenteritis in children is attributable to rotavirus.
Authors:
Paul Rivest; Mélanie Proulx; Guy Lonergan; Marc H Lebel; Lucie Bédard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vaccine     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0264-410X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vaccine     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-03     Completed Date:  2004-06-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406899     Medline TA:  Vaccine     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2013-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Direction de santé publique de Montréal-Centre, 1301 rue Sherbrooke Est, Montréal, Qué., Canada H2L 1M3. privest@santepub-mtl.qc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Dehydration / etiology
Feces / virology
Female
Fluid Therapy
Gastroenteritis / epidemiology*,  virology*
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Male
Quebec / epidemiology
Rotavirus*
Rotavirus Infections / complications,  epidemiology*,  virology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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