Document Detail


Hospitalisation for gastroenteritis in Western Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15269080     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To document gastroenteritis hospitalisations of the 1995-96 cohort of infants born in Western Australia to mid-2002, and to assess factors associated with their hospitalisations and readmissions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the State's hospitalisation data, Midwives' Notification of Births data, the Australian Bureau of Statistics mortality data and clinical and demographic information. RESULTS: Aboriginal infants were hospitalised for gastroenteritis eight times more frequently than their non-Aboriginal peers, and were readmitted more frequently and sooner for diarrhoeal illnesses than the other group. They also stayed in hospital for twice as long and many Aboriginal patients were hospitalised on numerous occasions. Hospitalisation rates were higher in remote areas and were significantly associated with co-morbidities such as undernutrition, anaemia, co-existing infections, and intestinal carbohydrate intolerance. CONCLUSIONS: Gastroenteritis is very prevalent in Australian Aboriginal infants and children and is a major cause of their hospitalisation in Western Australia. It is often associated with undernutrition, anaemia, intestinal parasitic infestations, other infections, intestinal carbohydrate intolerance, and, in some instances, with low birth weight. This is often due to unhygienic living conditions and behaviours and presents major challenges to public health, health promotion, and clinical personnel, particularly paediatric services. Childhood diarrhoeal diseases occur commonly in other indigenous groups but have not received the attention that they deserve.
Authors:
M Gracey; A H Lee; K K W Yau
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-22     Completed Date:  2004-08-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  768-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Emergencies / epidemiology
Female
Gastroenteritis / complications,  epidemiology*
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Infant
Length of Stay
Male
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Patient Readmission
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors
Western Australia / epidemiology
Comments/Corrections

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