Document Detail

Hospital readmission due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7567338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia can occur without apparent reason in term healthy breast-fed infants and some develop kernicterus. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence of severe hyperbilirubinemia in term healthy newborns discharged from the hospital. From January 1 through December 31, 1994, 6705 infants were delivered at Bikur-Cholim and Misgav-Ladach Community Hospitals. All 1448 newborns discharged with a serum bilirubin level > 10.0 mg/dL were instructed to return to the hospital within 3 days for follow-up, as well as bilirubin determination. Twenty-one newborns with a bilirubin level > 18.0 mg/dL were identified and readmitted at mean +/- standard deviation (SD) 5.5 +/- 1.8 (range, 5 to 10 days of life). This represents 1.7% of the 1220 infants who returned for follow-up examination. Mean +/- SD serum bilirubin levels at readmission were 19.6 +/- 2.5 mg/dL. All but one of the infants were breast-fed. No cases of ABO incompatibility were found and two newborns were glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient. Sepsis work-up and direct Coomb's tests were negative in all cases. None had hemolysis or were found to have any cause for hyperbilirubinemia other than breast-feeding. Phototherapy was provided in all but two cases, and an exchange transfusion was performed in one case. Three additional infants, with bilirubin levels < 10 mg/dL at discharge, were readmitted due to hyperbilirubinemia. One was diagnosed with neonatal hepatitis. We conclude that, based on our study population, 0.36% of term infants may subsequently develop severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in the first postnatal week.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
D S Seidman; D K Stevenson; Z Ergaz; R Gale
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1995 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-06     Completed Date:  1995-11-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  727-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305-5119, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding
Infant, Newborn
Israel / epidemiology
Jaundice, Neonatal / epidemiology*,  therapy
Length of Stay
Patient Readmission*
Time Factors

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