Document Detail

Hospital caseload and the results achieved in patients with rectal cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11578299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of hospital caseload on the short-term postoperative outcome of patients with rectal carcinoma. METHODS: A multicentre study involving 75 German hospitals was carried out between January and December 1999. Some 1463 patients with rectal carcinoma were studied. RESULTS: The hospitals were divided into three groups by annual caseload as follows: less than 20 (group 1), 20-40 (group 2) and more than 40 (group 3). The groups were identical in terms of age, gender, height, weight, tumour stage, risk factors and American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Postoperative morbidity was less in hospitals with a case volume of more than 20 patients per year (41.7 per cent in group 2 versus 49.9 per cent in group 1). The proportion of patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection with a permanent stoma was less in hospitals with a case volume of more than 40 patients per year (26.4 per cent in group 3 versus 34.0 per cent in group 2). CONCLUSION: A large caseload in rectal surgery results in a significant reduction in permanent stoma formation and postoperative morbidity.
F Marusch; A Koch; U Schmidt; M Pross; I Gastinger; H Lippert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of surgery     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0007-1323     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Surg     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-01     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372553     Medline TA:  Br J Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1397-402     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Institute for Quality Management in Operative Medicine at the Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical
Hospital Mortality
Intraoperative Complications / etiology
Postoperative Care / utilization
Postoperative Complications / etiology*
Prospective Studies
Rectal Neoplasms / surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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