Document Detail


Hospital admissions among male drivers in Denmark.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11245742     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate decisions about interventions and to establish baseline values for future evaluation of preventive efforts, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the disease pattern among male professional drivers in Denmark. The study differentiated between drivers of goods vehicles and drivers of passenger transport. METHODS: Cohorts of all 20-59 year old Danish male professional drivers in the years 1981, 1986, 1991, and 1994 were formed, to calculate age standardised hospital admission ratios (SHRs) and time trends (1981-97) for many diagnostic aggregations. RESULTS: SHRs for diseases in practically all systems and organs of the body were higher among professional drivers than they were in the male working population at large. Also drivers of passenger transport, compared with drivers of goods vehicles, had significantly high SHRs due to infectious and parasitic diseases, diseases of the circulatory system, and diseases of the respiratory system, and significantly lower rates of injury. For both driver groups, the SHRs for acute myocardial infarction increased with time whereas the SHR for acute gastritis decreased, and for drivers of passenger transport an increasing SHR for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, was found over time. CONCLUSION: Drivers of passenger transport and drivers of goods vehicles differ in their disease patterns. The results support the hypothesis that preventive efforts are needed in both groups, but underline that different strategies are required for different categories of drivers.
Authors:
H Hannerz; F Tüchsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Occupational and environmental medicine     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1351-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  Occup Environ Med     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-14     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422759     Medline TA:  Occup Environ Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance, National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. hh@ami.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Automobile Driving*
Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Communicable Diseases / epidemiology
Databases, Factual
Denmark / epidemiology
Digestive System Diseases / epidemiology
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Lung Diseases / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology
Neoplasms / epidemiology
Nervous System Diseases / epidemiology
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
Odds Ratio
Parasitic Diseases / epidemiology
Poisoning / epidemiology
Prevalence
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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