Document Detail

Hospital admissions of indigenous and non-indigenous Australians due to interpersonal violence, July 1999 to June 2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19630839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of injury-related hospitalisations and the injury profiles for interpersonal violence, in the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations of Australia.
METHOD: Descriptive analysis of the National Hospital Morbidity Database (NHMD), using data for the Northern Territory, Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland for the period 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2004.
RESULTS: Indigenous people were twice as likely as non-Indigenous people to be hospitalised for injury (age-standardised rate ratio [SRR] 2.26, 95% CI 2.24-2.29), and had a 17-fold greater hospitalisation rate for interpersonal violence (SRR, 16.9, 95% CI 16.6-17.3). Indigenous males and females were most commonly injured by a family member or intimate partner and females constituted 54% of Indigenous cases. Most non-Indigenous cases were males (82%), most commonly injured by stranger(s). Head injuries by bodily force were the most frequent injuries. Age-standardised hospitalisation rates of interpersonal violence increased with remoteness of usual residence for Indigenous people and, less so, for others.
CONCLUSION: The largest differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous injury-related hospitalisations was for interpersonal violence, particularly for women. About half the excess morbidity from interpersonal violence among Indigenous people is due to factors associated with remote living.
IMPLICATIONS: Culturally appropriate interventions that tackle a wide range of social and economic issues are needed to mitigate Indigenous interpersonal violence.
Jesia G Berry; James E Harrison; Philip Ryan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1326-0200     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-27     Completed Date:  2009-09-03     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Child, Preschool
Databases as Topic
Domestic Violence / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Oceanic Ancestry Group*
Patient Admission / trends*
Socioeconomic Factors
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology,  ethnology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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