Document Detail


Hospital admission trends for pediatric asthma: results of a 10 year survey in Israel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16382700     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In the last decade there has been an increase in asthma morbidity. Hospital admission rates for childhood asthma are influenced by the prevalence of asthma and the quality of asthma care. OBJECTIVES: To assess trends in hospital admission and readmission rates for childhood asthma in the Jezreel Valley in Israel in the last decade, and to evaluate the possible effect of changes in asthma treatment on hospitalization for acute asthma during this period. METHODS: All records of pediatric patients from the central hospital in the Jezreel Valley in northeastern Israel over a 10 year period from 1990 through 1999 who were diagnosed as having asthma were thoroughly reviewed and analyzed for admissions, re-admissions, and treatment before and during admissions RESULTS: There were 1584 admissions, 1208 were first-time admissions and 376 were re-admissions. The number of first-time admissions increased significantly over time (P < 0.0001), with a significant decrease in re-admissions (P < 0.005); this finding was more significant in children under the age of 8 years (P < 0.005). The length of hospital stay decreased significantly from 3.3 days to 2.7 days (P < 0.002). Significant changes in the use of medications included an increase in inhalant glucocorticoids and a decrease in the use of sodium cromoglycate and theophylline. Controller medication use was concomitant with a significant decrease in the re-admission rates. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in the admission rate and the decrease in the rate of re-admissions and the length of hospital stay probably reflect the increase in the prevalence of asthma and changes in its treatment, respectively. It is essential that asthma be recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and that controller medications be administered to decrease its severity, morbidity, and resultant hospital admissions.
Authors:
Menachem Rottem; Ana Zitansky; Yoseph Horovitz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1565-1088     ISO Abbreviation:  Isr. Med. Assoc. J.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-30     Completed Date:  2006-01-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100930740     Medline TA:  Isr Med Assoc J     Country:  Israel    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Allergy Asthma and Immunology, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. menachem@rottem.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age Distribution
Asthma / epidemiology*
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
Humans
Infant
Israel / epidemiology
Length of Stay
Male
Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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