Document Detail


Hospital admission rates for alcoholic intoxication after policy changes in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21515005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In February, 2005, the canton of Geneva in Switzerland prohibited the off-premise sale of alcoholic beverages between 9pm and 7am, and banned their sale in gas stations and video stores. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of this policy change on hospital admission rates for alcoholic intoxication. METHODS: An interrupted time series analysis of this natural experiment was performed with data on hospitalisations for acute alcoholic intoxication during the 2002-2007 period. The canton of Geneva was treated as the experimental group, while all other Swiss cantons were used as the control group. RESULTS: In the experimental site, the policy change was found to have a significant effect on admission rates among adolescents and young adults. Depending on the age group, hospitalisation rates for alcoholic intoxication fell by an estimated 25-40% as the result of restricted alcohol availability. CONCLUSIONS: Modest restrictions on opening hours and the density of off-premise outlets were found to be of relevance for public health in the canton of Geneva. In light of this finding, policy makers should consider such action as a promising approach to alcohol prevention.
Authors:
Matthias Wicki; Gerhard Gmel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0046     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
Research Institute of Addiction Info Switzerland, case postale 870, CH - 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland.
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