Document Detail

Hormonal responses to high and low planes of nutrition in weanling thoroughbreds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6386779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Growth-related skeletal diseases in young horses have been associated with high planes of nutrition, although the mechanisms underlying such an association have not been determined. It is likely that nutrition-induced effects on growth rate or growth quality involve the endocrine system. Hormonal and metabolic responses to the ingestion of meals containing either 80% (diet A) or 160% (diet B) of National Research Council energy and protein recommendations were examined in eight Thoroughbred weanling horses after 3 wk of dietary adaptation. After 24 h fasts, prefeeding serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4) and insulin and plasma concentrations of glucose, total protein, total triglycerides, creatinine, Ca and P were similar regardless of which diet the horses had been consuming. Serum cortisol concentrations were higher (P less than .05) in horses when fasted from diet B. Thyroxine, insulin and glucose concentrations increased during ingestion of both meals. During the first hour after ingestion of diet A, T4 concentrations increased to about 150% of fasting concentrations, whereas after diet B, T4 concentrations decreased to about 85% of fasting concentrations. Concentrations of T4 were not different from fasting concentrations 4 h after the ingestion of both diets. Glucose concentrations increased during the first hour postprandially, from about 105 mg/dl to about 165 mg/dl. However, glucose decreased more rapidly after ingestion of diet B. Serum insulin concentrations increased more rapidly after ingestion of diet B. Cortisol concentrations decreased after both meals, and the concentrations of the other metabolites measured were not affected by diet level or by meal consumption.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M J Glade; S Gupta; T J Reimers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1984 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-05     Completed Date:  1984-12-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  658-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed*
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Blood Proteins / metabolism
Calcium / metabolism
Creatinine / blood
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage*
Horses / physiology*
Hydrocortisone / blood*
Insulin / blood*
Phosphorus / metabolism
Thyroxine / blood*
Triglycerides / blood
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Blood Proteins; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Triglycerides; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 60-27-5/Creatinine; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7488-70-2/Thyroxine; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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