Document Detail

Hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition - What is the evidence? What are the policy and operational implications?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23320932     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT Objectives Family planning (FP) is essential in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. We critically review the evidence on HIV acquisition among women using hormonal contraception, and discuss the policy and operational implications. Methods Longitudinal studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa published between 2008 and 2012, as well as key policy documents related to contraception and HIV were reviewed. Results Findings on hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition conducted in sub- Saharan Africa are inconsistent. While in the large scale studies no statistically significant association between oral contraceptive use and HIV acquisition was found, results for injectables were mixed. Potential biases, such as those resulting from self-selection, related to the observational study design and main confounders such as condom use, sexual activity and contraceptive use are discussed. Conclusions It is currently not possible to conclude whether the use of hormonal contraceptives is associated with a greater risk of acquiring HIV, or not. The use of male or female condoms for dual protection should be promoted in FP programmes. While there is need for further research on a broader range of contraceptive methods and HIV transmission, studies documenting acceptability of currently less used/more recent contraceptive methods are also warranted.
Thérèse Delvaux; Anne Buvé
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1473-0782     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712127     Medline TA:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
* Department of Public Health.
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