Document Detail

Hope in Africa? Social representations of world history and the future in six African countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22044307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Data on social representations of world history have been collected everywhere in the world except sub-Saharan Africa. Two studies using open-ended data involving university students from six African countries fill this gap. In Study 1, nominations from Cape Verde and Mozambique for the most important events in world history in the past 1000 years were dominated by war and politics, recency effects, and Western-centrism tempered by African sociocentrism on colonization and independence. The first three findings replicated previous research conducted in other parts of the world, but the last pattern contrasted sharply with European data. Study 2 employed a novel method asking participants how they would begin the narration of world history, and then to describe a major transition to the present. Participants most frequently wrote about the evolution of humanity out of Africa, followed by war and then colonization as a beginning, and then replicated previous findings with war, colonization, and technology as major transitions to the present. Finally, when asked about how they foresaw the future, many participants expressed hope for peace and cooperation, especially those facing more risk of collective violence (Burundi and Congo). A colonial/liberation narrative was more predominant in the data from former Portuguese colonies (Angola, Cape Verde, and Guinea-Bissau) than from former Belgian colonies (Burundi and Congo).
Rosa Cabecinhas; James H Liu; Laurent Licata; Olivier Klein; Júlio Mendes; João Feijó; Aline Niyubahwe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1464-066X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Psychol     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0107305     Medline TA:  Int J Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade do Minho , Braga , Portugal.
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