Document Detail

Honey collected from different floras of chandigarh tricity: a comparative study involving physicochemical parameters and biochemical activities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22432560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT Background: Different monofloral honeys have a distinctive flavor and color because of differences in physicochemical parameters because of their principal nectar sources or floral types. Methods: Honey samples were collected from Apis mellifera colonies forged on 10 floras to analyze the quality of honey in terms of standards laid by Honey Grading and Marking Rules (HGMR), India, 2008 and Codex Alimentarious Commission (CAC), 1969 . The honey samples were analyzed for various physicochemical parameters of honey quality control, i.e., pH, total acidity, moisture, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars, total sugars, water insoluble solids (WIS), ash content, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content, and diastase value. The antioxidant potential was estimated using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Further, honey samples were assayed for antibacterial activities against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using the hole-plate diffusion method. Results: The physicochemical variation in the composition of honey because of floral source shows Ziziphus honey with high pH and diastase values along with low acidity, whereas Helianthus honey contained high reducing sugar and low moisture content. Amomum, Brassica, Acacia, and Citrus contained lowest amount of non-reducing sugars, ash, WIS, and moisture, respectively. Lowest 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) value was detected in Amomum honey, while highest HMF value was observed with Eucalyptus. The maximum antibacterial and antioxidant potential was observed in Azadirachta and Citrus, respectively. Conclusion: The quality of honey produced by local beekeepers met HGMR and CAC standards, and the chemical composition and biological properties of honey were dependent on the floral source from which it was produced.
Pradeep Kumar; Rakesh K Sindhu; Shridhar Narayan; Inderbir Singh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dietary supplements     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1939-022X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Diet Suppl     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101249830     Medline TA:  J Diet Suppl     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pradeep Kumar, Rakesh K. Sindhu, and Inderbir Singh are affiliated with the Key Laboratory for Advanced Phytochemical Screening, Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Rajpura, Patiala, Punjab, India.
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