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Homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid is effective in cardiovascular disease prevention in patients with kidney disease: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23313356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The efficacy of homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid to lower homocysteine levels in an effort to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in patients with kidney disease remains inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of relevant randomized trials to further examine this issue. METHODS: This meta-analysis included 8234 patients with kidney disease from nine qualified randomized trials using folic acid therapy, and with CVD reported as one of the endpoints. Relative risk (RR) was used to measure the effect of folic acid supplementation on risk of CVD using a random effects model. RESULTS: When pooling the nine randomized trials, folic acid therapy reduced the risk of CVD by 10%(RR = 0.90; 95% CI:0.81-1.00, P = 0.046). A greater beneficial effect was observed among those trials without a history of grain fortification with folic acid (0.82; 0.70-0.96, P = 0.01), with lower percent baseline diabetes (<30% (median), 0.80; 0.65-0.99, P = 0.04), and in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) (0.85; 0.77-0.94, P = 0.002). Furthermore, a meta-regression analysis suggested a positive dose-response relationship between percent baseline diabetes and log-RR for CVD risk associated with folic acid supplementation (P = 0.007). Most importantly, even the inclusion of three subgroup results did not substantially affect the results (n = 11032, RR: 0.93; 95% CI:0.87-0.99, P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis indicates that folic acid supplementation may be effective for CVD prevention in patients with kidney disease, particularly in trials among patients without a history of grain fortification with folic acid, with lower percent baseline diabetes, and in patients with ESRD or ACKD.
Xianhui Qin; Yong Huo; Di Xie; Fanfan Hou; Xiping Xu; Xiaobin Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Institute of Biomedicine, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.
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