Document Detail


Hominin-carnivore interactions during the Chinese Early Paleolithic: taphonomic perspectives from Xujiayao.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18387651     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The ability of archaic Homo sapiens to survive in more northerly latitudes was contingent on securing a regular source of animal fat and protein. We present a taphonomic study that examines how successful these hominins were at acquiring these food sources during the latter part of the Early Paleolithic in Northeast Asia. This study focuses on the long bone midshaft surface modifications observed on the faunal remains from Xujiayao, a middle-late Pleistocene open-air site located at 40 degrees latitude in the western Nihewan Basin, northern China. The faunal assemblage is dominated by equid remains. Analysis of the percussion, tooth, and cut mark frequencies on the long bone midshafts demonstrates that the Xujiayao hominins had primary access to high utility (meat-bearing and marrow-rich) long bones. Investigation of the dual-patterned (tooth-marked and butchery-marked) bone fragments suggests that hominins were under little pressure from competing carnivores to abandon their kills. The lack of significant differences between the size of fragments with only percussion-marks and those with only tooth-marks supports these findings. Fragmentation ratios indicate that forelimbs were more intensively processed than hind limbs. Based on the water rounding and abrasion data, the Xujiayao assemblage is likely of autochthonous origin. Since the age of Xujiayao is still in question, we can only conclude that archaic Homo sapiens were successful predators of large game in Northeast Asia some time during the latter part of the Early Paleolithic.
Authors:
Christopher J Norton; Xing Gao
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-04-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human evolution     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0047-2484     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hum. Evol.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-09     Completed Date:  2008-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0337330     Medline TA:  J Hum Evol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  164-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xizhimenwai Street, Beijing 100044, China. k_s_g@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anthropology, Physical*
Bone and Bones / anatomy & histology,  chemistry
China
Feeding Behavior
Fossils
Hominidae / anatomy & histology,  classification,  physiology*
Paleontology*
Predatory Behavior*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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