Document Detail

Homicide: a leading cause of injury deaths among pregnant and postpartum women in the United States, 1991-1999.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15727979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We identified risk factors for pregnancy-associated homicide (women who died as a result of homicide during or within 1 year of pregnancy) in the United States from 1991 to 1999.
METHODS: Pregnancy-associated homicides were analyzed with data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
RESULTS: Six hundred seventeen (8.4%) homicide deaths were reported to the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. The pregnancy-associated homicide ratio was 1.7 per 100000 live births. Risk factors included age younger than 20 years, Black race, and late or no prenatal care. Firearms were the leading mechanism for homicide (56.6%).
CONCLUSIONS: Homicide is a leading cause of pregnancy-associated injury deaths.
Jeani Chang; Cynthia J Berg; Linda E Saltzman; Joy Herndon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-24     Completed Date:  2005-03-31     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mail Stop K-21, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data
Age Distribution
Birth Certificates
Birth Order
Birth Rate / trends
Cause of Death / trends*
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Death Certificates
Educational Status
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
Firearms / statistics & numerical data
Homicide / trends*
Marital Status / statistics & numerical data
Maternal Mortality / trends*
Population Surveillance
Pregnancy Complications / mortality*
Prenatal Care / standards
Puerperal Disorders / mortality*
Risk Factors
Time Factors
United States / epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries / mortality*
Comment In:
Am J Public Health. 2005 Nov;95(11):1879; author reply 1879-80   [PMID:  16195505 ]

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