Document Detail

Home enteral nutrition via gastrostomy in advanced head and neck cancer patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2107154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated whether home enteral feeding via a tube gastrostomy would enable patients with advanced malignant disease, who were unable to maintain themselves nutritionally via the oral route, to be independent of the hospital setting. Thirty-nine patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal and head and neck cancer had a tube gastrostomy placed. Before discharge, the patient was trained in the care and use of the gastrostomy feeding tube. Ten patients died of their disease before they could be discharged. During the 6-month period before gastrostomy insertion, the mean weight loss of the remaining 29 patients was 12.8%, and the mean body weight was less than 90% of ideal body weight. Prior to operation, the mean serum albumin and total lymphocyte count were 3.7 g/L and 1,087/mL, respectively. At discharge the mean caloric intake was 1.48 times resting energy expenditure. Home enteral nutrition was provided for a median of 94 days and resulted in stabilization of nutritional indices. During their median survival of 176 days, the 29 patients were admitted a total of 52 times. Twenty-eight percent of the patients were never re-admitted after gastrostomy and were adequately maintained at home, whereas 24% needed to be re-admitted once. Only 48% were re-admitted twice to assist in their nutritional management. Twenty patients received temporary home nursing services to aid in their transition. Four patients eventually resumed oral intake, and their feeding gastrostomies were removed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
A C Campos; M Butters; M M Meguid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Head & neck     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1043-3074     ISO Abbreviation:  Head Neck     Publication Date:    1990 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-13     Completed Date:  1990-04-13     Revised Date:  2006-10-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8902541     Medline TA:  Head Neck     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University Hospital, SUNY Health Science Center, NY 13210.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Intake
Enteral Nutrition*
Head and Neck Neoplasms / nursing*
Home Nursing*
Nutritional Status
Self Care

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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