Document Detail

History, diagnosis, surgery and epidemiology of pulmonary stenosis in Malta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9731648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Maltese population constitutes an ideal location for epidemiological and historical studies dealing with congenital heart malformations. Pulmonary stenosis was studied retrospectively from 1943 to 1994. A sharp, significant decline in age at diagnosis was found, which predates the introduction of echocardiography. All defects are now diagnosed by echocardiography, which has resulted in an increased prevalence at birth of this lesion, particularly of pulmonary stenosis not requiring intervention. The prevalence at birth of pulmonary stenosis from 1990 to 1994 was 1.65/1000 live births (95% CI: 1.21-2.24), with 1.11/1000 mild lesions (95% CI: 0.76-1.62) and 0.54/1000 lesions requiring intervention (95% CI: 0.31-0.92). The prevalence at birth overall was significantly higher than that reported in recent studies with similar methodologies due to the higher pickup of milder variants of pulmonary stenosis by echocardiography. Significantly more pulmonary stenosis was found in females than in males.
V Grech
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in the young     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1047-9511     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiol Young     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-18     Completed Date:  1998-11-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200019     Medline TA:  Cardiol Young     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Paediatric Department, St Lukes Hospital, Guardamangia, Malta.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Malta / epidemiology
Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*,  surgery
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution

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