Document Detail

Histopathology of aspirated thrombus and its association with ST-segment recovery in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention with routine thrombus aspiration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20506526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with thrombus aspiration, the histopathology of aspirated thrombus was previously related to long-term mortality. In this study, we sought to investigate the association between histopathology of aspirated thrombus and ST-segment recovery, a marker of microvascular dysfunction, immediately at the end of the PCI procedure.
METHODS: We included 892 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI with routine thrombus aspiration and for whom combined data on histopathology of aspirated thrombus and ST-segment recovery were available. Patients were categorized according to histopathology of aspirated thrombus: fresh only (<1 day), older (>1 day), or no material aspirated. ST-segment recovery was defined as incomplete if <50%.
RESULTS: Incomplete ST-segment recovery occurred in 134 of 363 patients (37%) with fresh thrombus, in 104 of 238 patients (44%) with older thrombus, and in 142 of 291 patients (49%) with no material. Unadjusted odds ratios for incomplete ST-segment recovery of patients with older thrombus and no material, when compared with patients with fresh thrombus, were 1.33 (95% CI, 0.95-1.85; P = 0.097) and 1.63 (95% CI 1.19-2.23; P = 0.002), respectively. Both associations were unchanged after multivariable adjustment for clinical predictors of ST-segment recovery. ST-segment recovery was a strong predictor of long-term mortality, independent of the histopathology of aspirated thrombus.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that ST-segment recovery immediately at the end of the PCI procedure was a significant prognosticator, independent of the histopathology of aspirated thrombus. We found that the histopathology of aspirated thrombus (fresh, older, no material) was associated with ST-segment recovery in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with thrombus aspiration.
Niels J W Verouden; Miranda C Kramer; XiaoFei Li; Martijn Meuwissen; Karel T Koch; José P S Henriques; Jan Baan; Marije M Vis; Jan J Piek; Allard C van der Wal; Jan G P Tijssen; Robbert J de Winter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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Comment In:
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Jan 1;77(1):43-4   [PMID:  21181968 ]

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